BERNARD OF LOMBARDY—philosopher, regarded as a Thomist, live in Provence in the 14th century.

Bernard of Lombardy lectured on the Sentences in Paris in 1327 and 1328. He defended the conception of the Thomistic composition of essence and existence; an often cited text of Bernard on this matter is as follows: “In ista quaestione erunt duo articuli: primus de hoc, quod quaeritur, an in creaturis differat esse et essentia; secundus, an in Deo sint idem. Quantum ad primum in genere est duplex modus dicendi: Primus est doctoris sancti Thomae, qui ponit quod in omnibus citra Deum differt esse ab essentia; secundus est omnium aliorum concorditer Parisiensium, qui dicunt oppositum" (Two articles concern this question: the first is where in creatures existence differs from essence; the second—whether in God they are the same. As for the first [problem], we find a twofold mode of teaching; the first of [doctor] St. Thomas, who teaches that in everything apart from God existence is different from essence; the second is that of all the Parisian professors, who say the opposite). In his views, Bernard of Lombardy was situated between Thomas and Durand. He engaged in polemics with Peter Aurioli and others.

P. Fournier, Histoire littéraire de la France, P 1938, XXXVII 517–522; J. Koch, Durandus de S. Porciano […], Beiträge 26, I, Mn 1927, 314—340; M. Grabmann, La scuola tomistica italiana […], RFNS 15 (1923), 143–155; T. Käppeli, Kürze Mitteilungen über mittelalterliche Dominikanerschriftsteller, Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum 10 (1940), 283–296.

Roman Majchrzyk

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