BATTAGLIA Felice—philosopher, b. March 23, 1902 in Palmi, d. March 29, 1977 in Bologna.

Battaglia studied in Rome. He lectured on the philosophy of law at the University of Siena, and on moral philosophy at the University of Bologna.

His works: Marsilio da Padova e la filosofia politica del medio evo (Fi 1928); Corso di filosofia della pratica (Fi 1932); Cristiano Thomasio, filosofo e giurista (R 1936); Enea Silvio Piccolomini e Franceso Patrizi (Siena 1936); Lineamenti di storia della dottrine politiche (R 1936, Mi 19532); Orientamenti metodologici nella storia della dottrina politica (R 1939); Scritti di teoria dello stato (Mi 1939); Corso di filosofia del diritto (I R 1940, 19493, II–III 1943–1947); Il valore nella storia (Bol 1948, 19692; Il problema morale nell’esistenzialismo (Bol 1949); Filosofia del lavoro (Bol 1951); Moralità e storia nella prospettiva spiritualistica (Bol 1953); Nuovi scritti di teoria dello stato (Mi 1955); I valori fra la metafisica e la storia (Bol 1957, 19672; I valori della pratica e l’urgenza storica (Bol 1959); La formazione spirituale del soggetto e il mondo storico (Bol 1960); Heidegger e la filosofia dei valori (Bol 1967); Economia, diritto, morale (Bol 1972); Croce e i fratelli Mario e Luigi Sturzo (Ravenna 1973).

Battaglia initially held a position of idealism. He joined in the discussion on neo-idealism that was occurring in Italy because of the thought of B. Croce and G. Gentile. At the same time, besides theoretical considerations on the dialectical-historical development of society, he conducted historical investigations on doctrines of state law. These studies turned out to be insufficient for him, but he brought depth to the studies by philosophical reflection. With these studies a new period began in Battaglia’s work in which he concentrated on interpreting history without using the generally accepted immanentistic schemata. He made a synthesis that was open to the aspect of the act of free choice and, while presupposing the rationality of historical events, guaranteed permanence in history and the superiority of universal values. On the basis of these studies Battaglia made an analysis of contemporary European aesthetics. He also desired to renew ethics, which while it was being set free from the circle of immanent rationalization, had to be opened to absolute values. In this way the dialectic of human action finds completion in religion. Battaglia’s philosophy is an example of the analysis of the problems of Kantian transcendental philosophy on the basis of laws ruling history and on the basis of the categories of existential philosophy.

Oggetività e valori nell’ idealismo assoluto, in: Filosofi italiani contemporanei, Mi 1944, 19462, 145–158; G. Aceti, Filosofia del lavoro, FRNS 45 (1953), 57–75; G. Marchello, Felice B., Tn 1953; Storicismo e metafisica in: La filosofia contemporanea in Italia, R 1958, 71–88; S. Alberghi, Metafisica e spiritualisti italiani contemporanei, Mi 1960, 261–299; V. Stella, L’estetica spiritualistica di Felice B., Humanitas 19 (1964), 723–728; G. Ambrosetti, Climi culturali, senso del diritto e problemi teoretici nella recente opera di Felice B., Rivista di diritto civile 12 (1966), 605–621.

Paweł P. Furdzik

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