BARTHOLOMEW OF ENGLAND (Bartholomaeus Anglicus)—philosopher and theologian, called doctor proprietatum, lived in the thirteenth century.

After studies in Oxford he lectured from 1225 to 1230 in the Franciscan cloister in Paris, then in Magdeburg. He was the author of a encyclopedia written around 1250, De proprietatibus rerum (Bas around 1470, F 1601, reprint F 1964), a very popular work (in the last two decades of the fifteenth century it was published 26 times; the Latin text is contained in 14 incunabula, with 8 French, 2 Flemish, 1 English, and 1 Spanish). The work was also propagated in Poland. Bartholomew tried to bring together the old natural science with the new natural science that reached the west beginning in the mid-twelfth century through Latin translations of Greek and Arab literature. The syntheses proposed by Bartholomew are often naive, although his attempts to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian doctrines concerning matter, form, and motion are notable from the point of view of the philosophy of history.

Marian Kurdziałek

A. Schneider, Metaphysische Begriffe des B. Anglicus, in: Studien zur Geschichte der Philosophie. Festgabe für 60 Geburstag C. Baeumker, Mr 1913, 139–179; T. Plassmann, Bartholomaeus Anglicus, AFrH 12 (1919), 68–109; Bartholomaeus Anglicus, On the Properties of Things, I–II, Lo 1975; Bartholomaeus Anglicus, On the Properties of Soul and Body, Tor 1979; J. Desobry, Le livre des propriétés des choses de B. A., Manuscript de la Bibliothéque Municipale d’Amiens, in: Les quatres éléments dans la culture mediévale, Göppingen 1983, 299–308; A. S. G. Edwards, B. A. de Proprietatibus Rerum and Medieval English Literature, Arhiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 222 (1985) n. 1, 121–127; M. T. Fumagalli, M. Parodi, Due enciclopedie dell’Occidente medievale. Alessandro Neckman e B. A., RSF 40 (1985), 51–90; H. Meyer, Fragen und Beobachtungen zum Verhältnis Bertholds von Regensburg zu B. A., Beiträge zur Geschichte der deutschen Sprache und Literatur 117 (1995), n. 3, 404–431; G. Quarg, Zum Frühdruck vom B. A. “De proprietatibus rerum” (GW 3403). Überlegungen anhand des Kölber Exemplars, Gutenberg-Jahrbuch 73 (1998), 90–98.

Marian Kurdziałek, Jan Warmiński

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