BACHMIŃSKI Bonaventure—apologist and polemicist, d. 9 January 1809 in Warkowice.

He was a lector in the cloister of the reformed order in Rawa Ruska. In 1740 he became a Bernardine and a lector of theology in that order. He wrote: Colloquia Mariana (1764); Poznanie Boga i religii z przeświadczenia rozumu a na Woltera, Russa in innych libertynów, ateistów odpowiedź, Dowody różne wiary, św. spowiedzi, sakramentu ołtarza […] tudzież pamięć na rzeczy ostateczne [Knowledge of God and religion from the testimony of reason and a respone to Voltaire, Rousseau and other libertines and atheists, Various proofs of faith, holy confession, the sacrament of the altar […] and remembrance of the last things] (Berdyczów 1783). The first work had an ascetic character and spoke of the privileges of the Most Holy Virgin; the second work appealed to the universal belief of people and to the argument from teleology. In the teleological argument the main accent was upon that fact that laws of nature exist whose possession of meaning cannot be explained by the hypothesis of chance. In this work he also discussed the question of divine providence and provided rational justification for the existence of the immortal soul. He argued on the basis of the functioning of the faculties of memory, intellect, and will. In the latter work he discussed the questions of faith, grace and sin, the sacraments of confession and the Eucharist, as well as eschatology. Bachmiński’s work have a popular apologetic and polemic character. Bachmiński opposed F. Voltaire’s deism, B. Spinoza’s pantheism, and the atheistic trend.

W. Augustyn, FPS I 14; W. Murawiec, Słownik Polskich Teologów Katolickich, Wwa 1981,I 82.

Stanisław Kowalczyk

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