ARRIAGA Rodriguez—theologian and philosopher, b. January 17, 1592 in Logrono (in Castille), d. July 7, 1667 in Prague.
Arriaga entered the Jesuits in 1606. He studied in Valladolid when as a student of Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza he learned the thought of F. Suarez. Thereafter he taught theology and philosophy in Valladolid. He was transferred for one year to Salamanca, and then to Prague (1625) where in the university of the city (shortly before entrusted to the Jesuits) he took the chair of dogmatic theology (1626–1637). From 1637 to 1641 he was dean of the department of theology, and in 1654 he became prefect of studies in the Collegium Clementinum. Arriaga was the teacher of the Spanish Emperor Ferdinand III and Empress Maria Anna.
Arriaga’s major works are: Cursus philosophicus (An 1632) which deals with questions of psychology (the independence of the spirit) and cosmology (the theory of the disposition of bodies); Disputationes theologicae (An 1643–1655, new edition Ly 1659–1669), a work of theological meditations.
In his philosophical views, Arriaga is a representative—one of the most important in the seventeenth century—of Jesuit scholasticism and the school of Suarez.
K. Eschweiler, Rodriquez de Arriaga. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Barock Scholastik, in: Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte Spaniens, Mr 1931, III 253–285; B. Jansen, Die Pflege der Philos. Jesuitenorden während des 17/18 Jahrhundert, Fulda 1938, 30–34; E. Lamalle, ECat II 2; L. Thorndike, A History of Magic and Experimental Science, NY 1958, VIII 399–402.