ARISTOCLES OF MESSINA (’Αριστοκ λης)—a peripatetic of the second century BC, a commentator on Aristotle, the teacher of Alexander of Aphrodisia.

Aristocles wrote On philosophy, a history of philosophy in ten books of which only fragments have survived. In this work he mentions all the philosophers and presents the origin of their views. He also wrote The art of rhetoric, On Sarapis, and Ethics (9 books).

In the spirit of Aristotle Aristocles wrote against Skepticism. He said that if we know nothing, further considerations are meaningless (Eusebius, Praep. ev., XIV 18, 1 n.). He was inclined to Stoicism as indicated by his doctrine of the immanent and active νους [nous] that permeates nature as a whole.

U. von Wilamowitz-Moellendorf, Antigonos von Karysios, B 1881; Copleston HPh I (passim); F. Trabucco, Il problema del “De philosophia” di Aristocles di Messina e la sua dottrina, Acme (1958), 97–150; idem, La polemica contra Protagora e Epicuro, Atti Dell’Acc. d. Sc. di Torino 1958–1959, 473–515; idem, La polemica di Aristocles di Messina contro lo scetticismo di Aristippo e i Cirenaici, Rivista critica di Storia della Filosofia 15 (1960), 115– 140; A. Krokiewicz, Zarys filozofii greckiej [Outline of Greek philosophy], Wwa 1971, 2000.

Zbigniew Pańpuch

<--Go back