ANDRONICUS OF RHODES (’Ανδρονικος ‘ο ‘Ροδιος)—a peripatetic philosopher of the first century BC, a scholarch of the Lyceum (tenth after Aristotle).
He was educated on the island of Rhodes in a school that followed Aristotle. Andronicus was famous for cataloguing the works of Aristotle, establishing their authenticity, and ordering them by subject. At the time Aristotle’s works were not well known. In this way he created what would be called the Corpus Aristotelicum which contained several groups of works according to particular domains of philosophy: logical works; natural works (τα φυσικα [ta physika]); then after the natural works the writings on first philosophy (hence the term “metaphysics”—τα μετα τα φυσικα [ta meta ta physika]); practical writings (ethics, politics, economics); and writings on the domain of art or creativity (poetics).
The grammarian Tyrannion contributed to the editing and publication of Aristotle’s works. Tyrannion owned a library in Rome and he made available available to Andronicus manuscripts of Aristotle’s works. This occurred between 50 and 40 BC. Besides the works in the Corpus Aristotelicum, Andronicus published twenty volumes of letters ascribed to Aristotle and the scientific work of Theophrastus. Andronicus initiated a movement of commentators. He is known for his own commentary on Aristotle’s Categories. The work of commentaries was continued by Boethius of Sidon, Ariston of Alexandria, Xenarchos, and Nicholas of Damascus.
I. Düring, Aristotle in the Ancient Biographical Tradition, Gt 1957; K. Leśniak, Arystoteles [Aristotle], Wwa 1965, 19893, 117; E. Berti, EF I 274; M. Kurdziałek, EK I 531.