ADAM OF BUCKFIELD — a philosopher in the first half of the 13th century, b. around 1220 in Buckfield (Northumberland).

Some writers distinguish him from Adam from Bouchermefort (Grabmann), while others identify the two names (Pelster and Salman) and say that they are the same person to whom are ascribed all the commentaries on Aristotle that appeared in England in the first half of the 13th century in which the manuscripts bear various names: Adam Anglicus of Booffeld (or of Bonefort, of Boechesmefore, of Bouchermefort).

Adam of Buckfield earned his master's degree in 1243 and then taught at Oxford in the department of arts. His commentaries, which were written after the model of the commentaries of Averroes (as in the case of his commentary to the Metaphysics) or in the form of questions (as in the case of the more independent commentary to the De Anima), show a mature understanding of Aristotle's writings. Adam of Buckfield's glosses include all the works of the Stagyrite, except for the logical, ethical and zoological writings.

Adam of Buckfield's position on the question of the unity of the human soul was significant. He tried to reconcile Aristotle's science with Christian doctrine. He stated that the rational soul does not arise as a result of the evolution of matter, as takes place in the case of the vegetative and sensible soul in man, but it is created directly by God and thereby it is a distinct substance.

F. Pelster, Adam von Buckfield, ein Oxforder Erklärer des Aristoteles […], Scholastic 11 (1936), 196-224; D. Salman, Notes sur la première influence d'Averroeès, RNSP 40 (1937), 209-212; M. Grabmann, Mitteilungen über Werke des Adams von Buckfield […], DTh 17 (1939), 5-29; Gilson HFS, 238, 349, 602, 606-607; R.J. Long, Adam of Buckfield and John Sackville, Traditio 45 (1989-1990), 364-367; T.B. Noone, Evidence for the Use of Adam of Buckfield's Writings at Paris, MS 54 (1992), 308-316.

Paweł Tarasiewicz

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